Texas tries to preserve a dialect
Sept. 2, 2007
by R.A. Dyer
AUSTIN, Texas - Although stories of der Cowboy and die Stinkkatz may no longer
get told in Texas, Germanic linguistics Professor Hans Boas wants to make sure
nobody forgets them.
Boas, an assistant professor at the University of Texas, is the founder and
manager of the Texas German Preservation Project. Every month or so, Boas
ventures forth from his campus office in Austin to small towns like Boerne,
Fredericksburg and Crawford to conduct interviews with the dwindling number of
old-timers who speak the odd mixture of English and 19th-century German.
It's a dialect unique to the Lone Star State, and most of the 8,000 or so
remaining speakers are in their 60s, 70s or 80s. Their numbers are expected to
dwindle precipitously over the next few years, and Boas says that by 2040, the
dialect will probably be gone. And so die Stinkkatze - the Texas German word for
skunk - and der Cowboy will become just a memory.
"The Texas German Dialect Project I started right after I got (to the University
of Texas) in September 2001," Boas said. "The main reason was because no one
else has been interested in Texas German from an academic point of view. But
there are fewer and fewer speakers, and in 30 years it will be gone. I thought
it would be a good idea to record the remaining speakers who are left."
Boas says he has interviewed more than 200 Texas German speakers and recorded
more than 350 hours of the conversations.
Interviewers are typically UT students who ask about childhood memories, games,
social interactions - anything, really, that will get Texas German speakers to
provide a window into their lives.
Boas has preserved audio recordings of these interviews on an Internet database,
which also includes video recordings and written text.
"It also is important to create a popular account of Texas German to share with
local schools, preservation societies and museums - the dialect is part of the
culture's legacy, but it is rapidly eroding," Boas said.
Der Cowboy is Texas German for "cowboy" - it's basically the English word spoken
with a German accent. "Die Stinkkatz" literally means "stinky cat."
Boas explains that because there were no skunks in their native country, German
immigrants invented their own word.
The word "Luftschiff" is also unique to Texas German - or at least, it's unique
the way Texas German speakers use the term. During a vacation some years back in
Germany, Bill Moltz used "Luftschiff" to describe his long flight across the
Atlantic. For speakers of Texas German, "Luftschiff" means airplane.
But in modern German, "Luftschiff" means "airship." Texas Germans have been
using the word since before the invention of the airplane and never updated it
to reflect a post-Wright Brothers world.
"I remember people looked at us in Germany like we were nuts - they said you
flew here in a dirigible?" recalled Moltz, 68.
Although fewer than 10,000 speakers remain, at one time as much as 20 percent of
the Texas population may have spoken the language. Moltz said that many German
settlers arrived in Galveston and spread out during the mid-1800s, and now a
swath of German communities can be found running north and south down the middle
of the state.
The immigrants settled in dozens of towns like Fredericksburg, New Braunfels and
At one time there were more than 150 German-language newspapers in Texas.
But the dialect began to fade during World War I, Boas said.
"A little before World War I, there was a big nativist movement in the U.S.
and (the idea) was that if you're in the United States, then you better speak
English," Boas explained.
He said there was another steep decline during World War II and that the last of
the monolingual Texas German speakers are pretty much gone. Those who are left -
fifth-generation Texans like Moltz - spoke the dialect as kids, but also speak
The Texas German Dialect Project has been funded through grants, although that
funding expired at the end of last year, Boas said. He said it costs about
$35,000 a year to maintain the program.
It also accepts contributions though a University of Texas endowment.